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What is skin pigmentation?

Excessive skin pigmentation is a result of abnormal production and deposition of melanin by the melanocytes. Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells. The number of melanocytes present in our skin will determine our skin colour. Production of melanin is dependent on UV or sun exposure, and is a natural protective mechanism of the skin.

Hyperpigmentation (areas that are darker than the rest of the skin) results from excess melanin production and deposition. Hypopigmentation is the loss of skin pigmentation. This will not be discussed here.

This page will discuss skin pigmentation and its treatment. This discussion will only encompass pigmentation that is in the skin, and will not involve discussion of raised pigmented lesions, moles, or skin cancers.



Pigmentation Treatment

Freckles, age spots, sunspots and other patches of pigmentation can be treated at The Aesthetic Chapter Medical using a variety of methods. Lasers and chemical peels are available depending on the specific patient’s needs.

Laser treatments offer a number of benefits:

  • It reverses the signs of sun damage such as freckles, brown spots, blotches, wrinkles, and pigmentation on the face and body.
  • Laser pigmentation treatments are safe and effective – as long as a trained and experienced specialist handles it.
  • This treatment rejuvenates your skin. Expect an even skin tone and a more youthful-looking skin through the removal of unwanted pigmentation.

Acne Types

At The Aesthetic Chapter Medical , We recommend CuRAS QSwitch Pico Pulse Laser for treating pigmentation. It is a powerful and versatile FDA approved Nd: Yag laser that is clinically proven to treat a wide variety of pigmentary conditions such as Freckles, Sunspots, Age spots and Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH).

Can pigmentation be removed?

Existing pigmentation can be removed using different laser treatments, depending on the type of pigmentation. The CuRAS Qswitch laser can be used to remove or minimise some types of sun damage, while the Piqo4 laser can be used for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or Melasma.

Pigmentation can also be minimised by using high SPF sun protection every day and regularly exfoliating your skin. You can also take extra precautions to protect your skin such as using pigment inhibiting serum and taking Vitamin B3 or applying Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide) topically. 



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